A Detailed Guide for Car Safety Features

A Detailed Guide for Car Safety Features

Safety features of a car play a critical role in keeping the occupants safe and ensure smooth driving experience. Seatbelt is one such essential car safety feature that can keep occupants safe and protected from injuries during car crashes and collisions. In addition, modern-day vehicles are equipped with advanced safety features to help motorists avoid accidents and enhance occupant’s safety. Therefore, safety features in a car should not be ignored when buying a new one, or motorists can get them installed in their vehicles by upgrading to a latest vehicle.

Let us discuss about advanced and essential 5 safety features in a car to have.

Airbags: Front and Side

Most of the vehicles have been equipped with front airbags since the late 1990s. The airbags are triggered at the time when crash sensors detect a frontal collision. Within a blink of an eye, these front airbags are inflated in seconds and deflated afterwards. Such a safety feature in a car can protect occupants lives and save them from possible injuries. However, passengers in a car not wearing seatbelts can possibly get injured when these airbags inflate suddenly. Therefore, children under the age of 12 should be appropriately seated in the back seats. Whereas rear-facing seats should not be installed in the front seats that come with airbags. About a decade ago, it has become a standard in vehicles to be equipped with dual-stage front airbags. The latest airbags technologies can now easily detect the seat position, weight and presence of the driver and occupant at front and decrease the power of airbags as required. This helps in minimizing the possibility of injuries to motorists seating close to the wheel and other out-of-position passengers.


On the other hand, some modern-day vehicles offer side airbags for rear-seat occupants along with side-impact airbags for those seating at the front. These side airbags are in the shape of small size cushions. Such essential safety features of a car are positioned to pop out in seconds out of the seatback side or door trim. Side-airbags are quite helpful in protecting the torso of the seated passengers, however, occupant’s heads are not protected. Nevertheless, most of the latest car models come equipped with side curtain bags to protect the occupants from flying debris and preventing them from hitting their heads during car crashes. For avoiding passenger’s being ejected during high-speed side crash or rollover, a curtain bag usually stays inflated in order to protect occupants. These safety features of a car can provide enhanced protection and minimize the risk of injuries or deaths.

Antilock Braking System (ABS)

It was quite easy for motorists to lock up the car wheels from turning prior to the introduction of anti-lock braking system (ABS) in vehicles. Steering is made impossible with front tires sliding, particularly on wet or slippery roads. However, this is now prevented in modern-day vehicles with the installation of ABS, which uses sensors individually for each vehicle and maximizing the chances of braking of each wheel separately to avoid lockups. Vehicles with ABS can allow motorists to gain steering control when using brakes for enabling a vehicle to maneuver in case of emergency. Such safety features in a car are important for drivers to gain maximum control and power by rapidly applying the brakes.

emergency braking

Traction control

Traction control is an electronically controlled system that enables maximum traction of drive wheels by limiting the spinning of wheels during acceleration. Safety features in a car like traction control can be particularly helpful when driving a car with a high horsepower engine, or in starting off on slippery conditions. However, it is important for motorists to know that some traction control systems functions at all speeds, while some can work only at low speed.

Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

In addition to this, traction control systems in modern-day vehicles can momentarily brake a spinning wheel by using the anti-lock braking system. Whereas some traction control systems can also throttle back the engine of a car, while upshifting the transmission to prevent the spinning of wheel.

Also read: Why Safety Features are Important in Your Car

Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

With an electronic stability control (ESC), the traction control is taken one step further. The ESC system can enable a vehicle to maintain its stability and avoid skidding or sliding. There are several sensors in this safety feature that helps in detecting sideway motion, angle of the steering and wheels speed. The electronic stability control system can decrease engine power and momentarily put a brake on individual or all the wheels when it detects that a vehicle is drifting out of the motorist’s intended route.

Such safety features like stability control system are particularly helpful for heavy and tall vehicles to minimize the possibilities of roll over. ESC has become a standard safety feature in vehicles that were released in 2012 and onwards. Auto manufacturers come with their own ESC systems, especially SUVs, sports utilities and heavy pick-ups. Safety systems like ESC is essential for occupant’s safety and avoid accidents.

Safety-belt features

Unarguably, seatbelts are the most important safety features in a car, whereas other safety equipment can help increase the protection of passengers. During frontal collision, seatbelt pretensioners instantly retract the belts to take up slack. It is also helpful in keeping the occupants positioned in a proper manner to take full advantage of the deployed airbags. Most of the modern-day vehicles come equipped with inflatable safety belts for the rear seats for reduced force on passengers like children and aged people.


Car safety features can significantly help in minimizing the risk of car accidents and provide enhanced occupant’s safety. When drivers do not pay attention or drive carefully then advanced safety technologies like ESC and ABS can protect vehicles from slipping or going off the track. However, motorists should never depend solely on car safety features, and they need to drive carefully. The afore-mentioned 5 safety features in a car are highly recommended to motorists and they need to look out for these features when buying a new vehicle, or upgrade to a new one.